The earthquake awareness levels of undergraduate students

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Erol Sözen


Natural disasters cause serious effects on economic, social and sociological areas in Turkey. Earthquakes are one of the major natural disasters in Turkey. They affect social and economic life and education negatively. The more preparedness and awareness are provided against natural disasters, the safer society will be. This study was carried out in order to determine the views of undergraduate students about earthquake awareness attitudes and to examine them in terms of various variables. The research was conducted as a screening design from quantitative research models. In the study, a scale was applied as a data collection tool. The study group of the research consists of 619 undergraduate students studying at undergraduate level in various faculties at Düzce University in the academic year 2018-2019. "Earthquake Awareness Scale", developed by the researcher, was applied to these students. According to the results of the study, there was a significant difference in the effects of earthquake sub-factor of the scale in terms of gender of the students. There was no significant difference between grade levels and earthquake awareness levels of undergraduate students in all sub-factors of the scale. In the effects of earthquake sub-factor, a significant difference is seen in earthquake awareness of the students in terms of their residences. No significant difference was found in the other sub-factors of the scale according to the residence. There was no significant difference in the earthquake awareness of the undergraduate students in any sub-factors of the earthquake awareness levels according to the number of floors of the students' residences. As a result of the study, it was proposed to organize trainings and conferences on natural disasters, especially earthquakes.

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